Complications of Anorexia and Bulimia Essay.Complications of Anorexia and Bulimia Anorexia and Bulimia are behavioral problems brought on by many factors, which include emotional and personality disorders, family pressures, a possible genetic tie, and a culture in which there is too much food and an obsession with being thin.
British physician Sir Richard Morton is credited with the first English-language description of anorexia nervosa in 1689. He reported two adolescent cases, one female and one male, which he described as occurrences of “nervous consumption,” a wasting away due to emotional turmoil.
Anorexia Nervosa has been believed to be an illness that is primarily based in the mind, or an illness of psychological origin. Young women diagnosed with anorexia nervosa literally waste away as they lament their bodies perceived fatness (Bower 1). Most people who have anorexia nervosa have similar personality traits being: perfectionism.
Anorexia nervosa, involving neurobiological, psychological, and social components, is a complex condition that can lead to death in severe cases. The term anorexia is of Greek origin: a (prefix of negation), n (link between two vowels) and orexis (appetite), thus meaning of a lack of desire o eat.
The effects of anorexia range from short to long term, and can, in extreme cases, be fatal. In a figurative, as well as literal, sense, the disease first rages its attack upon the mind. When an individual’s body is in a period of extreme malnourishment it will break down the fattiest tissue available, which is the brain.
Anorexia nervosa is a disease with a long history.. Because of their dislike of obesity, women would starve themselves to look thin.. In 1873, anorexia nervosa was established as a clinical diagnosis.. Anorexia nervosa affects 0.9-2.2% of women over a lifetime.
People with anorexia nervosa attempt to maintain a weight that's far below normal for their age and height. To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, people with anorexia nervosa may starve themselves or exercise excessively (By Mayo Clinic staff 20-Jun-2011). Anorexia usually begins during the teen years or young adulthood.
Critiquing the medical model, Ruth Millman suggests that an existential-phenomenological approach can enhance the treatment of anorexia nervosa Ruth Millman The current situation regarding anorexia nervosa (AN) has been described as critical; reviews indicate that treatment is often ineffective (Bortha, 2015) and clinicians can be reluctant to engage in this work (Gilbert, 2014).