National Head Start Research Conference, the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Meetings, the Harvard Economics Labor Lunch, and the Work in Progress seminar at the Kennedy School of Government. I gratefully acknowledge funding from the American Education Research Association, the Julius B. Richmond Fellowship at the Center for the Developing Child, the Taubman Center for.
Long-Term Effects of Head Start on Low-Income Children JENS LUDWIGa AND DEBORAH A. PHILLIPSb aSocial Service Administration, Law, and Public Policy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 The Brookings Institution, Chicago, Illinois 60637 bGeorgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 Georgetown Public Policy Institute, Washington, DC 20057 A growing body of research suggests that the.
Each Head Start FACES cohort includes a nationally representative sample of 3- to 4-year-old children entering Head Start for the first time in the fall of the program year, their families, Head Start teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs. Children in FACES are administered a one-on-one assessment of their development that includes language and literacy. There have been five FACES.
The Benefits and Costs of Head Start Jens Ludwig and Deborah A. Phillips NBER Working Paper No. 12973 March 2007 JEL No. H43,I2,I3 ABSTRACT In this essay we review what is known about Head Start and argue that the program is likely to generate benefits to participants and society as a whole that are large enough to justify the program's costs.
Head Start program is under the Department of Health and Human Services; it is a program in the Administration of Children, Youth and Families. In each year, Head Start assists children and families from all the states including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and many migrant children. Currently the program is serving approximately 800,000 children per year. Since its inception in 1965.
Edward F. Zigler, an Architect of Head Start, Dies at 88. The Yale psychologist helped design the preschool program in the 1960s and was the first permanent head of the Office of Child Development.
Finally, from its inception, Head Start has been a social science laboratory—with built-in research funding for ongoing program evaluation and program development. Despite chronic problems associated with underfunding, Head Start remains an important program for thousands of children at risk for developing mental health problems. Furthermore, it represents a growing interest in and focus on.
There was limited prior research on whether the Head Start program is effective as a two-year program that builds upon what children learned at age 3, or whether Head Start is best thought of as a 1-year program that children can enter at age 3 or age 4, with minimal incremental benefits from the second year of the program. To examine this issue, we compared two sets of age 3 and age 4.