The psychological view. Both of these accounts of personal identity—the bodily theory and the immaterial-substance theory—were rejected by the 17th-century English philosopher John Locke in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689), which contained the first extended treatment of the topic in Western philosophy.Book II, chapter 27, of the Essay, “Of Identity and Diversity.
Essay Personal Statement On Personal Identity For Locke, personal identity does not subsist on the substance it is made of, be it of physical or spiritual nature (p. 16-17). For, if personal identity would rely on physical matter, it would mean that losing an arm or leg would constitute a new identity.
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Personal identity is the concept you develop about yourself that evolves over the course of your life. This may include aspects of your life that you have no control over, such as where you grew.
Relevant Works by Locke. The most important source for understanding Locke’s account of identity, persons, and personal identity is Locke 2008. (References to the Essay are given by Book, chapter, and section; e.g., II.xxvii.9.) Locke offers his account of identity, persons, and personal identity in II.xxvii.
The titular essay from this collection — which honestly you should just read — is an ambitious and candid discussion of the passing of his father during a time of great racial turmoil.
A person’s identity is shaped by many different aspects. Family, culture, friends, personal interests and surrounding environments are all factors that tend to help shape a person’s identity. Some factors may have more of an influence than others and some may not have any influence at all.
Social identity and national identity.The social identity approach assumes that social identity depends upon social groups and category membership. Tajfel (1972), for example, described social identity as individual’s awareness of belonging to a group, together with the emotional and evaluative significance of that group membership. The strength of social identity is measured by asking.